issn: 2641-9823
Editorial Policies and Instructions
International Journal of Advance Researches "Global Academics" provides the rapid quarterly publication of articles in all areas related to novel discoveries and innovations in different academic fields. Global Academics welcomes the submission of manuscripts that meet the general criteria of significance and scientific excellence. Papers will be published approximately within three months or earlier after acceptance.

International Journal of Advance Researches "Global Academics" follows the Open Access publishing policies.

The Journal is published with regularity once a quarter. Also, according to the decision of the Editorial Board, decisions may be taken to issue special issues devoted to various topics in addition to regular issues. The regularity of issuing special issues is not regulated in any way and is not limited.

In addition, the editorial board can decide to organize online conferences. Based on the conference materials both conference materials and special issues of the Journal will be published. When holding Conferences, the Editorial Board of the Journal performs simultaneously the functions of the Conference Organizing Committee.

Submit manuscript, conference presentation or comments, using the email address:
Editorial Policies
Authorship Principles
These guidelines describe authorship principles and good authorship practices to which prospective authors should adhere to.

Authorship clarified
Global Academics assumes that all authors agreed with the content and that all gave explicit consent to submit and that they obtained consent from the responsible authorities at the institute/organization where the work has been carried out, before the work is submitted.
The Publisher does not prescribe the kinds of contributions that warrant authorship. It is recommended that authors adhere to the guidelines for authorship that are applicable in their specific research field. In absence of specific guidelines, it is recommended to adhere to the following guidelines:
All authors whose names appear on the submission
1.      Made substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data; or the creation of new software used in the work;
2.      Drafted the work or revised it critically for important intellectual content;
3.      Approved the version to be published; and
4.      Agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Disclosures and declarations
All authors are requested to include information regarding sources of funding, financial or non-financial interests, study-specific approval by the appropriate ethics committee for research involving humans and/or animals, informed consent if the research involved human participants,  and a statement on the welfare of animals if the research involved animals (as appropriate).
The decision whether such information should be included is not only dependent on the scope of the journal, but also the scope of the article. Work submitted for publication may have implications for public health or general welfare and in those cases it is the responsibility of all authors to include the appropriate disclosures and declarations.

Data transparency
All authors are requested to make sure that all data and materials, as well as a software application or custom code, support their published claims and comply with field standards. Please note that journals may have individual policies on (sharing) research data in concordance with disciplinary norms and expectations.

Role of the Corresponding Author
One author is assigned as Corresponding Author and acts on behalf of all co-authors and ensures that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately addressed.
The Corresponding Author is responsible for the following requirements:
         Ensuring that all listed authors have approved the manuscript before submission, including the names and order of authors;
         Managing all communication between the Journal and all co-authors, before and after publication;
         Providing transparency on the re-use of material and mention any unpublished material (for example manuscripts in press) included in the manuscript in a cover letter to the Editor;
         Making sure disclosures, declarations, and transparency on data statements from all authors are included in the manuscript as appropriate (see above).
The requirement of managing all communication between the journal and all co-authors during submission and proofing may be delegated to a Contact or Submitting Author. In this case please make sure the Corresponding Author is clearly indicated in the manuscript.

Author contributions
The Publisher recommends authors to include a contribution statements in the work that specifies the contribution of every author in order to promote transparency. These contributions should be listed at the end of the submission.

The primary affiliation for each author should be the institution where the majority of their work was done. If an author has subsequently moved, the current address may additionally be stated. Addresses will not be updated or changed after publication of the article.

Changes to authorship
Authors are strongly advised to ensure the correct author group, the Corresponding Author, and the order of authors at submission. Changes of authorship by adding or deleting authors, and/or changes in Corresponding Author, and/or changes in the sequence of authors are not accepted after acceptance of a manuscript.
Please note that author names will be published exactly as they appear on the accepted submission!
Please make sure that the names of all authors are present and correctly spelled, and that addresses and affiliations are current.
Adding and/or deleting authors at the revision stage is generally not permitted, but in some cases, it may be warranted. Reasons for these changes in authorship should be explained. Approval of the change during revision is at the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief. Please note that journals may have individual policies on adding and/or deleting authors during the revision stage.

Author identification
Authors are strongly recommended to use their ORCID ID when submitting an article for consideration or acquire an ORCID ID via the submission process.

Deceased or incapacitated authors
For cases in which a co-author dies or is incapacitated during the writing, submission, or peer-review process, and the co-authors feel it is appropriate to include the author, co-authors should obtain approval from a (legal) representative which could be a direct relative.

Authors should treat all communication with the Journal as confidential which includes correspondence with direct representatives from the Journal such as Editors-in-Chief and/or Handling Editors and reviewers' reports unless explicit consent has been received to share information.

Authorship issues or disputes
In the case of an authorship dispute during the peer review or after acceptance and publication, the Journal will not be in a position to investigate or adjudicate. Authors will be asked to resolve the dispute themselves. If they are unable the Journal reserves the right to withdraw a manuscript from the editorial process or in case of a published paper raise the issue with the authors' institution(s) and abide by its guidelines.

Competing Interests
Authors are requested to disclose interests that are directly or indirectly related to the work submitted for publication. Interests within the last 3 years of beginning the work (conducting the research and preparing the work for submission) should be reported. Interests outside the 3-year time frame must be disclosed if they could reasonably be perceived as influencing the submitted work. Disclosure of interests provides a complete and transparent process and helps readers form their own judgments of potential bias. This is not meant to imply that a financial relationship with an organization that sponsored the research or compensation received for consultancy work is inappropriate.

Interests that should be considered and disclosed but are not limited to the following:
Funding: Research grants from funding agencies (please give the research funder and the grant number) and/or research support (including salaries, equipment, supplies, reimbursement for attending symposia, and other expenses) by organizations that may gain or lose financially through publication of this manuscript.
Employment: Recent (while engaged in the research project), present or anticipated employment by any organization that may gain or lose financially through publication of this manuscript. This includes multiple affiliations (if applicable).
Financial interests: Stocks or shares in companies (including holdings of spouse and/or children) that may gain or lose financially through publication of this manuscript; consultation fees or other forms of remuneration from organizations that may gain or lose financially; patents or patent applications whose value may be affected by publication of this manuscript.
It is difficult to specify a threshold at which a financial interest becomes significant, any such figure is necessarily arbitrary, so one possible practical guideline is the following: "Any undeclared financial interest that could embarrass the author were it to become publicly known after the work was published."
Non-financial interests: In addition, authors are requested to disclose interests that go beyond financial interests that could impart bias on the work submitted for publication such as professional interests, personal relationships, or personal beliefs (amongst others). Examples include, but are not limited to: position on editorial board, advisory board or board of directors or another type of management relationships; writing and/or consulting for educational purposes; expert witness; mentoring relations; and so forth.
Primary research articles require a disclosure statement. Review articles present an expert synthesis of evidence and may be treated as an authoritative work on a subject. Review articles, therefore, require a disclosure statement. Other article types such as editorials, book reviews, comments (amongst others) may, dependent on their content, require a disclosure statement. If you are unclear whether your article type requires a disclosure statement, please contact the Chief Editor.

The authors are responsible for the correctness of the statements provided in the manuscript. See also Authorship Principles. The Chief Editor reserves the right to reject submissions that do not meet the guidelines described in this section.

Publication Ethics
Duties of Editors

Fair play and editorial independence

Editors evaluate submitted manuscripts exclusively on the basis of their academic merit (importance, originality, study's validity, clarity) and its relevance to the journal's scope, without regard to the authors' race, gender, sexual orientation, ethnic origin, citizenship, religious belief, political philosophy, or institutional affiliation. Decisions to edit and publish are not determined by the policies of governments or any other agencies outside of the journal itself. The Chief Editor has full authority over the entire editorial content of the journal and the timing of publication of that content.


Editors and editorial staff will not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Editors and editorial board members will not use unpublished information disclosed in a submitted manuscript for their own research purposes without the authors' explicit written consent. Privileged information or ideas obtained by editors as a result of handling the manuscript will be kept confidential and not used for their personal advantage. Editors will recuse themselves from considering manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships/connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers; instead, they will ask another member of the editorial board to handle the manuscript.

Publication decisions

The editors ensure that all submitted manuscripts being considered for publication undergo peer-review by at least two reviewers who are experts in the field. The Chief Editor is responsible for deciding which of the manuscripts submitted to the journal will be published, based on the validation of the work in question, its importance to researchers and readers, the reviewers' comments, and such legal requirements as are currently in force regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The Chief Editor may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.

Involvement and cooperation in investigations

Editors (in conjunction with the publisher and/or society) will take responsive measures when ethical concerns are raised with regard to a submitted manuscript or published paper. Every reported act of unethical publishing behavior will be looked into, even if it is discovered years after publication. If, on the investigation, the ethical concern is well-founded, a correction, retraction, expression of concern or other note as maybe relevant, will be published in the journal.

Duties of Reviewers

Contribution to editorial decisions

Peer review assists editors in making editorial decisions and, through editorial communications with authors, may assist authors in improving their manuscripts. Peer review is an essential component of formal scholarly communication and lies at the heart of the scientific endeavor.


Any invited referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should immediately notify the editors and decline the invitation to review so that alternative reviewers can be contacted.


Any manuscripts received for review are confidential documents and must be treated as such; they must not be shown to or discussed with others except if authorized by the Chief Editor (who would only do so under exceptional and specific circumstances). This applies also to invited reviewers who decline the review invitation.

Standards of objectivity

Reviews should be conducted objectively and observations formulated clearly with supporting arguments so that authors can use them for improving the manuscript. Personal criticism of the authors is inappropriate.

Acknowledgment of sources

Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that is an observation, derivation or argument that has been reported in previous publications should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also notify the editors of any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other manuscript (published or unpublished) of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Any invited referee who has conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the manuscript and the work described therein should immediately notify the editors to declare their conflicts of interest and decline the invitation to review so that alternative reviewers can be contacted.

Unpublished material disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in a reviewer's own research without the express written consent of the authors. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for the reviewer's personal advantage. This applies also to invited reviewers who decline the review invitation.

Duties of Authors

Reporting standards

Authors of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed and the results, followed by an objective discussion of the significance of the work. The manuscript should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Review articles should be accurate, objective, and comprehensive, while editorial 'opinion' or perspective pieces should be clearly identified as such. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

Data access and retention

Authors may be asked to provide the raw data of their study together with the manuscript for editorial review and should be prepared to make the data publicly available if practicable. In any event, authors should ensure accessibility of such data to other competent professionals for at least 10 years after publication (preferably via an institutional or subject-based data repository or other data center), provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and legal rights concerning proprietary data do not preclude their release.

Originality and plagiarism

Authors should ensure that they have written and submit only entirely original works, and if they have used the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited. Publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the work reported in the manuscript should also be cited. Plagiarism takes many forms, from "passing off" another's paper as the author's own, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another's paper (without attribution), to claiming results from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Multiple, duplicate, redundant, or concurrent submission/publication

Papers describing essentially the same research should not be published in more than one journal or primary publication. Hence, authors should not submit for consideration a manuscript that has already been published in another journal. Submission of a manuscript concurrently to more than one journal is unethical publishing behavior and unacceptable.

The publication of some kinds of articles (such as clinical guidelines, translations) in more than one journal is sometimes justifiable, provided that certain conditions are met. The authors and editors of the journals concerned must agree to the secondary publication, which must reflect the same data and interpretation of the primary document. The primary reference must be cited in the secondary publication.

Authorship of the manuscript

Only persons who meet these authorship criteria should be listed as authors in the manuscript as they must be able to take public responsibility for the content: (1) made significant contributions to the conception, design, execution, data acquisition, or analysis/interpretation of the study; and (2) drafted the manuscript or revised it critically for important intellectual content; and (3) have seen and approved the final version of the paper and agreed to its submission for publication. All persons who made substantial contributions to the work reported in the manuscript (such as technical help, writing and editing assistance, general support) but who do not meet the criteria for authorship must not be listed as an author, but should be acknowledged in the "Acknowledgements" section after their written permission to be named as been obtained. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate coauthors (according to the above definition) and no inappropriate co-authors are included in the author list and verify that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript and agreed to its submission for publication.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Authors should at the earliest stage possible (generally by submitting a disclosure form at the time of submission and including a statement in the manuscript) disclose any conflicts of interest that might be construed to influence the results or their interpretation in the manuscript. Examples of potential conflicts of interest that should be disclosed include financial ones such as honoraria, educational grants, or other funding, participation in speakers' bureaus, membership, employment, consultancies, stock ownership, or other equity interest, and paid expert testimony or patent-licensing arrangements, as well as non-financial ones such as personal or professional relationships, affiliations, knowledge, or beliefs in the subject matter or materials discussed in the manuscript. All sources of financial support for the work should be disclosed (including the grant number or other reference numbers if any).

Acknowledgment of sources

Authors should ensure that they have properly acknowledged the work of others, and should also cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. Information obtained privately (from conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties) must not be used or reported without explicit, written permission from the source. Authors should not use information obtained in the course of providing confidential services, such as refereeing manuscripts or grant applications, unless they have obtained the explicit written permission of the author(s) of the work involved in these services.

Hazards and human or animal subjects

If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that has any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the authors must clearly identify these in the manuscript. If the work involves the use of animals or human participants, the authors should ensure that all procedures were performed in compliance with relevant laws and institutional guidelines and that the appropriate institutional committee(s) has approved them; the manuscript should contain a statement to this effect. Authors should also include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human participants. The privacy rights of human participants must always be observed.

Peer review

Authors are obliged to participate in the peer review process and cooperate fully by responding promptly to editors' requests for raw data, clarifications, and proof of ethics approval, patient consents and copyright permissions. In the case of a first decision of "revisions necessary", authors should respond to the reviewers' comments systematically, point by point, and in a timely manner, revising and re-submitting their manuscript to the journal by the deadline given.

Fundamental errors in published works

When authors discover significant errors or inaccuracies in their own published work, it is their obligation to promptly notify the journal's editors or publisher and cooperate with them to either correct the paper in the form of an erratum or to retract the paper. If the editors or publisher learns from a third party that a published work contains a significant error or inaccuracy, then it is the authors' obligation to promptly correct or retract the paper or provide evidence to the journal editors of the correctness of the paper.

Duties of the Publisher

Handling of unethical publishing behavior

In cases of alleged or proven scientific misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism, the publisher, in close collaboration with the editors, will take all appropriate measures to clarify the situation and to amend the article in question. This includes the prompt publication of an erratum, clarification or, in the most severe case, the retraction of the affected work.  The publisher, together with the editors, shall take reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred, and under no circumstances encourage such misconduct or knowingly allow such misconduct to take place.

Access to journal content

The publisher is committed to the permanent availability and preservation of scholarly research and ensures accessibility by partnering with organizations and maintaining our own digital archive.
Privacy Policy
Global Academics, International Journal of Advance Researches (The Journal) is committed to respecting and protecting the privacy of each User of the Website. This Privacy Policy explains under what circumstances The Journal shall be referred to in this Privacy Policy, collectively, as we, us, or our) gather information relating to each User (referred to in this Privacy Policy as you or your), how we use such information, and who may access that information. This Privacy Policy is an integral part of the Terms of Use. All defined terms used in this Privacy Policy that are not otherwise defined shall have the meanings ascribed thereto herein.


This Privacy Policy may be revised by us periodically. We advise that you review this Privacy Policy whenever you visit the Website so that you are aware of any changes. Your continued use of the Website following any changes in this Privacy Policy will constitute your acceptance of such modifications.

The Journal does not claim ownership of any of your Personal Information. The Journal will only use your Personal Information as is reasonably necessary for connection with the operation and maintenance of the Website, the Software, and the Services, including providing support and maintenance services to you, other users of the Website, the Software, and the Services, and the Publisher. We may also use your Personal Information to contact you with information relating to the Website, the Software, or the Services. The Journal is committed to protecting your privacy and we will not sell or lease your Personal Information to any third party.

Although we will make all reasonable efforts to preserve your privacy, in addition to disclosing and making your Personal Information available to the Publisher and/or the Publication, we may disclose your Personal Information:

(a) to our business partners and agents, such as financial institutions, suppliers, delivery services, parties providing hosting services, and web and technical support providers, as is necessary or required in connection with the operation, maintenance, and support of the Website, the Software, and/or the Services, in which case we will request that such third parties maintain the confidentiality of your Personal Information in accordance with the terms of this Privacy Policy;
(b) to comply with any legal requirements or court orders, to defend any legal or administrative proceedings, or as we believe in good faith is necessary to comply with any laws or legal requirements;
(c) to protect any individual's personal safety in an emergency situation;
(d) to protect or defend our rights or property (including enforcement of our rights under the Terms of Use); and
(e) in connection with the sale of the equity or any of the assets of World War III Prevention Project, Corp., in which case we will require the buyer to maintain the confidentiality of your personal information in accordance with the terms of this Privacy Policy.
Except as described in this Privacy Policy, we will not disclose your Personal Information outside of The Journal and its affiliates without your consent. We may share aggregated demographic and statistical information with our business partners. This is not linked to any personal information that can identify any individual person.

All Personal Information that you submit may be accessed and reviewed by any third party who has access to the Website and the Software, including third parties who may have been authorized by the Publisher or the Publication to perform certain tasks with respect to Manuscripts, such as Administrators, Associate Editors, Authors, members of the Board of Editors, Editors, Editors-in-Chief, and Reviewers. In particular, Administrators generally will have the ability to access all of your Personal Information. We are not responsible for the use or disclosure of your Personal Information by third parties who can access your Personal Information. We cannot control how third parties who can access your Personal Information may use your Personal Information and we have no means of tracking any use or disclosure of your Personal Information by any such third party. If you believe that a third party has unlawfully or improperly used or disclosed any of your Personal Information, you should contact The Journal directly. As described in Section 3, a number of third parties may be able to access your Personal Information. Accordingly, you should exercise great care and prudence before submitting or making available any Personal Information at the Website or using the Software or the Services.

The Journal may disclose personal information in response to lawful requests by public authorities, including to meet national security or law enforcement requirements.

We have implemented reasonable physical measures and administrative procedures to safeguard against unauthorized access and help prevent the loss, misuse, or alteration of your Personal Information in accordance with the terms of this Privacy Policy. However, we cannot guarantee that the security measures we implement in connection with the operation of the Website, the Software, and the Services will absolutely prevent others from accessing or acquiring any of your Personal Information.

We take reasonable steps to maintain the security of the personally identifiable information that we collect, including limiting the number of people who have physical access to our database servers, as well as installing electronic security systems that guard against unauthorized access. However, no data transmission over the Internet can be guaranteed to be completely secure. Accordingly, we cannot ensure or warrant the security of any information that you transmit to us, so you do so at your own risk.

We take reasonable steps to ensure that the data is reliable for its intended use, accurate, complete and current. Further, we take reasonable steps to assure that we do not process personal information in a manner that is inconsistent with the purposes for which we collect the data.

From time to time, we may e-mail you news bulletins, information on technical service issues, or information relating to the Website, the Software, and/or the Services. You consent to the delivery of such communications by e-mail to the e-mail address(es) that you provide to The Journal.

In addition to the Personal Information that you supply to us, we may collect, store and use certain, anonymous information known as ”Clickstream Data” as you access and navigate the Website. We store and use Clickstream Data to gain a better understanding of how people use the Website, to analyze data for trends and statistics, to help diagnose problems with our servers and computer networks, and to enhance the performance of the Website, the Software, and the Services. We encourage you to periodically check this Privacy Policy so you will know when we have implemented technological measures enabling us to collect, store and use Clickstream Data. The Clickstream Data that we may collect, store and use includes the IP address of your computer (automatically assigned by your Internet Service Provider whenever you log onto the Internet), the Internet address of the site from which you linked to the Website (known as the referring URL), the date and time you access to the Website, what pages of the Website you visit and when, and the type of browser you use. Clickstream Data is not personally identifiable and we do not link this information to personally identifiable data, or any of your Personal Information.

We also use session cookies, which are small text files placed on your browser that maintain information from page to page as you navigate the Website. Session cookies are automatically deleted when you close your browser. If you do not want  session cookies stored on your computer you might be able to adjust your browser settings to refuse all cookies, including sessions cookies, although this may prevent you from using certain features of the Website and the Services.

This Site may contain links to other websites that are run by third parties. Once you have clicked on a link or button activator connecting you to such third-party website, you will leave the Website and be taken to a website that we do not control. THIS PRIVACY POLICY DOES NOT APPLY TO ANY PERSONAL INFORMATION COLLECTED ON A THIRD PARTY SITE. We suggest you read the privacy statement of the third-party website before providing any personally identifiable data on that site. We are not responsible for any use by any person or entity of any information that you may provide while accessing or using any third-party website.

This Web Site is operated in the United States. If you are located outside of the United States, please be aware that any information you provide to us will be transferred to the United States. By using this Web Site, participating in any of our services, and/or providing us with your information, you consent to this transfer.

You have the right to contact us at any time to: (a) request the removal of any Personal Information that you provided to us from our servers and computer networks, which request must be approved by the Publisher or the Publication, and (b) update your Personal Information. If any Personal Information is removed from our servers or computer networks, third parties who had access to such Personal Information prior to its removal may have retained some of such Personal Information. We are not responsible for the retention or use by third parties of any of your Personal Information at any time, including following its removal from our servers or computer networks.

The Website is designed and intended for use only by individuals who are at least eighteen (18) years old. We are committed to protecting the privacy of children and we do not collect any personally identifiable information from children we actually know are under the age of 13. To ensure compliance with the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA), we will not intentionally or knowingly collect any personal information from any individual who is not at least eighteen (18) years old.

In compliance with the Privacy Shield Principles, The Journal commits to resolve complaints about our collection or use of your personal information, including the possibility, under certain conditions, for the individual to invoke binding arbitration. If you do not receive timely acknowledgment of your complaint from us, or if we have not addressed your complaint to your satisfaction, please contact us for more information or to file a complaint.

A ”Contact Us” link is provided on many pages of the Website. Please click on this link to send an e-mail to The Journal and we will work to ensure your query is passed on to and answered by the appropriate person in a timely manner. Please be aware that e-mail you send us is not necessarily secure against interception. If your communication pertains to sensitive information then you should contact us via regular mail or telephone.  

Peer Review Policy
The practice of peer review is to ensure that only good science is published. It is an objective process at the heart of good scholarly publishing, and our reviewers, therefore, play a vital role in maintaining the high standards of the Journal and all manuscripts are peer-reviewed following the procedure outlined below.

Initial manuscript evaluation
The Editors first evaluate all manuscripts. In some circumstances, it is entirely feasible for an exceptional manuscript to be accepted at this stage. Those rejected at this stage are insufficiently original, have serious scientific flaws, have poor grammar or English language, or are outside the aims and scope of the journal.  Those that meet the minimum criteria are passed on to experts for review. Style requirements: at submission, we ask that authors ensure that their texts are written in compliance with the APA Format 6th Edition. All texts shall be in English.

Authors of manuscripts rejected at this stage will be informed within 2 weeks of receipt.

Type of Peer Review
Global Academics employs single-blind review, where reviewers are aware of the identity of the authors, but authors are unaware of the identity of reviewers. There are at least three or more reviewers for the total number of articles in each issue.

How the reviewer is selected
Reviewers are matched to the paper according to their expertise. Basically, the peer-review process is provided by the editorial board members. If no one of them possesses the relevant expertise background, then the experts with the relevant expertise background are invited for the review.

Reviewer reports
Reviewers are asked to evaluate whether the manuscript:

            - Is original

            - Is methodologically sound

            - Follows appropriate ethical guidelines

            - Has results which are clearly presented and support the conclusions

            - Correctly references previous relevant work

Also, the manuscript shall be checked for plagiarism.

Reviewers are not expected to correct or copyedit manuscripts. Language correction is not part of the peer-review process.

Typically the manuscript will be reviewed within 2-8 weeks. Should the reviewers' reports contradict one another or a report is unnecessarily delayed a further expert opinion will be sought.

Final report
A final decision to accept or reject the manuscript will be sent to the author along with any recommendations made by the reviewers, and may include verbatim comments by the reviewers.

Editor's Decision is final
Reviewers advise the Editors, who are responsible for the final decision to accept or reject the article.

Special Issues / Conference Proceedings

Special issues and/or conference proceedings may have different peer review procedures involving, for example, Guest Editors, conference organizers, or scientific committees. Authors contributing to these projects may receive full details of the peer-review process on request from the editorial office.

Becoming a Reviewer for Global Academics

If you are not currently a reviewer for the Global Academics but would like to be considered as a reviewer for this Journal, please contact the editorial office by e-mail at, and provide your contact details. If your request is approved and you are added to the online reviewer database you will receive a confirmatory email, asking you to add details on your field of expertise, in the format of subject classifications.
Editorial Instructions
Formats for Global Academics Contributions

Global Academics accepts various formats of literary works such as research articles, reviews, abstracts, addendums, announcements, article-commentaries, book reviews, rapid communications, letters to the editor, annual meeting abstracts, conference proceedings, case-reports, corrections, discussions, meeting-reports, news, obituaries, orations, product reviews, hypotheses, analyses, conference presentations, viewpoints, debates, and comments. At the same time the papers submitted for publication in Journal Issues should follow the requirements of academic work, formatted according to the APA Format 6th Edition and other requirements described hereinafter. The publication of the conference presentations and comments can be made in a flexible manner with the respect to the APA Format 6th Edition.  

General Information
1) Any submission must be the original work of the author that has not been published previously, as a whole or in part, either in print or electronically, or is soon to be so published. Articles sent to Global Academics for consideration for publication should not be submitted simultaneously to any other journal or journals for refereeing. The authors must never multi-submit! All journals frown on this practice. We do not accept submissions of previously published works.

2) The target length for an article is between 14,000 and 30,000 characters without spaces. If your article is longer than this, please contact the editorial office. We do on some occasions consider articles of more than 30,000 characters without spaces for the Journal, but such an article would have to be of exceptional quality and importance to justify its inclusion in the journal: the longer the piece, the higher the bar to acceptance. We would also ask authors to note that it may take substantially longer for us to make decisions on overlong submissions.

3) Please supply a short (200-250 words) abstract of the article at submission as a part of the article.

4) Style: at submission, we ask that authors ensure that their texts are written in compliance with the APA Format 6th Edition.

5) Please bear in mind that any article in Global Academics has to be of interest, and fully accessible, to the non-specialist as well as the specialist reader, so:

a/ Make clear what the interest of the article to the non-specialist is or may be: e.g., does it change debate on an issue, and if so, how? Does it feature new data? And so on;

b/ Keep technical/specialist expressions to a minimum and ensure that any expressions that are necessary are carefully defined;

c/ Assume little linguistic knowledge. Avoid quotations in languages other than English; quotations from non-English sources must be translated into English (if essential, the full original text can be supplied in a footnote).

6) Article texts shall be in English.

7) No more than 30 percent of unoriginal text can be used by the author; these other places must be acknowledged and cited. The remaining 70 percent of the article must be unique and original to your current submission.

8) Graphs, Tables, Maps, etc., may of course be included in an article when they add materially to the substance or comprehensibility of the argument.

9) It is the author's responsibility also to obtain any necessary permission (and to provide us with copies of the relevant documentation).

Compatible File Type

- We only accept text files or files in .doc or .docx format (such as from Microsoft Word or Open Office).

- We do not accept PDF files.

Quality Academic Writing

- All submitted articles must read as a formal academic article. Word choice should not reflect a conversational or relaxed dialogue, be overly dependent on the use of bulleted lists, or rely heavily on the use of direct quotes. A formal academic article should articulate ideas in a writing style that is precise, logical, and professional.

- All factual statements must be supported by cited sources or research evidence.

- Authors must ensure the accuracy of citations, quotations, diagrams, tables, and maps. All in-text citations must be cited in the reference list and all sources in the reference list must be cited within the article.

Scholarly References and Citations

- All sources must be cited in the reference list and in the main text.

- At least 5 of the cited sources is a strong preference. Sources by contributing authors do not count toward this minimum. Citing multiple works by the same author(s) only qualifies as meeting one of the required five.

- Sources accessed online must include a DOI or URL.

- References with non-English titles must include a translation. Please include translated titles in brackets following original language title.

Text Volume Count

- Articles must be a minimum of 14,000 characters without space to a maximum of 30,000 characters without space.

- Annotations must be a minimum of 300 characters without space to a maximum of 700 characters without space.

- Conference Presentations must be a minimum of 1,000 characters without space to a maximum of 20,000 characters without space.

- Comments must be a minimum of 150 characters without space to a maximum of 900 characters without space.

Other Notes and Reminders

- Article submissions should include an updated abstract and set of keywords.

- Please format your submissions according to the APA Format 6th Edition.

- Please follow the citation guidelines of APA 6th Referencing and Citation Style.

- Please refrain from using any of the "citations and bibliography" tools or features in Microsoft Word. These are not editor-friendly software tools and they cause numerous problems during typesetting. Citations and references should be entered as regular text without the aid of any special features or tools.

- Please insert all images as jpg files.

- In the case of symbols, please only insert symbols using standard fonts (e.g., WingDings, Arial Unicode MS).

- Please avoid using advanced MS Word features* such as automatic reference tools, drawing objects, automatic table of contents and table of indexes, bookmarks, background or font colors, highlighting, strike-through, embossing, or any other complex MS Word feature.
(* MS Word footnotes/endnotes tools are one exception to this rule.)

Language Editing
Particularly if English is not your first language, before submitting your manuscript you may wish to have it edited for language. This is not a mandatory step but may help to ensure that the academic content of your paper is fully understood by journal editors and reviewers. Language editing does not guarantee that your manuscript will be accepted for publication. The authors are liable for all costs associated with such services.

Please note: permission to reproduce copyright material, for print and online publication in perpetuity, must be cleared and if necessary paid for by the author. Evidence in writing that such permissions have been secured from the rights-holder must be made available to the editorial office. It is also the author's responsibility to include acknowledgments as stipulated by the particular institutions.

It is a condition of publication in the Journal that authors assign their copyright to the Global Academics. This ensures that requests from third parties to reproduce articles are handled efficiently and consistently and will also allow the article to be as widely disseminated as possible. Authors may use their own material in other publications provided that the Journal is acknowledged as the original place of publication.

Please note that by submitting an article for publication you confirm that you are the corresponding/submitting author and that Global Academics may retain your email address for the purpose of communicating with you about the article. Please notify Global Academics immediately if your details change. If your article is accepted for publication Global Academics will contact you using the email address you have used in the registration process.

Article Publishing and Conference Participation Process

The page Current Issues and Conferences contains all information about scheduled for publishing Journal Issues, scheduled and currently ongoing online Conferences, plus the most recently published Journal Issue and Conference Materials.

Entering the page Current Issues and Conferences you will find two pages more Current Issues and Current Conferences. All information related to the Journal Issues is contained on the page Current Issues and all information related to the Conferences is contained on the page Current Conferences.

All scheduled Journal Issues, scheduled and currently going Conferences and the most recent published Issues and Conference materials are visible on pages Current Issues and Current Conferences in a form of icons, which are located in chronological order from the most recent to the oldest and can be opened by clicking on them.

After new/current papers, and conference presentations are published all previous Journal Issues and Conference Materials become visible on the page Archive in chronological order from the most recent date to the oldest date being grouped together in folders depending on the year it is published. Also the most recently published Journal Issue is disposed on page Current Issues and the most recently published Conference Materials are disposed on the page Current Conferences if to enter page Current Issues and Conferences.    

Visitors of the website Global Academics can see all published Journal Issues and Conference Materials as well as to download or/and to print Journal Issues and Conference Materials as a whole or/and separate papers, conference presentations, comments or/and pieces of its texts. The downloaded or printed text will not be editable and will be automatically followed by the relevant bibliographic footnote in order to defend the author's rights of the publishers.

Also, any User or just website visitor can communicate the Global Academics by email and/or by submitting the question on page Contacts.
Global Academics Processing Charges
The basic processing fees are as follows:

Processing Type

Processing Fees in USD

Publication of a paper, which fits the Journal standards

USD 20

Publication of an academic paper upon the request of the Journal

USD 45

Pre-review of a paper which not exceed the text volume limits

USD 20

Publication or peer-review of a paper material extra to the text volume limits

USD 45

Peer-Review of submitted academic papers which not exceed the text volume limits

USD 50

Publication of academic paper which not exceed the text volume limits in Regular Journal Issue

USD 100

Publication of academic paper which not exceed the text volume limits in Special Journal Issue

USD 150

Publication of academic conference presentations which not exceed the text volume

USD 100

Peer-Review of submitted academic papers which not exceed the text volume limits

USD 50

Publication of academic paper which not exceed the text volume limits in Regular Journal Issue

USD 100

Global Academics Processing Charges: